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Coursera Learner working on a presentation with Coursera logo and

When we talk about machine learning and artificial intelligence, we imagine a fast-paced and futuristic world. With advanced models, we can make smart decisions that have better personalization. Similarly, we can make improvements in machine learning algorithms’ functionality. Even today, we can design models that can hear, see, and respond to the surroundings with help from training data and generate new data to enhance the user experience.

However, creating such machine learning models is not an easy task. You will encounter numerous challenges in finalizing the model. But you can rely on various tools and applications to assist you in the process. There are various python libraries that you can use to perform numerous tasks and activities. These libraries work as building blocks in the construction of a successful machine learning model. Today we will list down the best Python libraries for machine learning and how they can help you.

What are Python Libraries?

For most developers, coding can be an intimidating and nerve-wracking task—the complications in coding limit our projects’ ability. However, python libraries help in eliminating the need to write extensive codes that mostly end in error. You no longer have to work on your project from scratch. Python libraries enable you to develop machine learning, data visualization, data science, and similar projects.

Python Libraries helps in reducing time consumption and bringing efficiency to the project. These tools generate frequently used codes, so you don’t have to write complete codes every time you start a new project. Furthermore, these tools are a collection of resources that you can reuse. Root source is the foundation of the open-source python libraries.

Best Python Libraries for Machine Learning

  1. Theano

Theano is an open-source Python library for machine learning that helps in completing mathematical expressions. This library will understand your model’s structure and generate relevant code that you can use with other python libraries. The main function of Theano is to compute the expressions in symbolic form to use in neural networks and deep learning algorithms. This is a main foundational library of Python that you can use in deep learning. Theano simplifies your process to design a machine learning algorithm.

Features of Theano
  • You can integrate Theano with NumPy
  • Theano offers consistency in the computation of the variables’ value in a model. Stable and quick process to find the result
  • You can efficiently derive a mathematical representation of the functions’ derivatives for one or more inputs
  • You can evaluate the expressions faster by generating dynamic C code
  • No matter if you are using GPU, you can compute the value of the data faster than the CPU
  1. Scikit-learn

Snicket-learn is a simple tool that you can use for predictive data analysis. You can integrate SciPy and Numpy libraries for scientific and mathematical computation. Scikit-learn can support numerous unsupervised and supervised algorithms. You can perform different tasks such as classification, regression, clustering, and other data mining tasks with this Python library. This library features algorithms such as k-neighbors, random forests, and support vector machines, etc.

Features of Scikit-learn
  • The tool is efficient and fast
  • You can integrate different libraries such as SciPy and Numpy
  • You can easily install and access a well-established and wide assortment of algorithms.
  • You can combine the prediction of a supervised model.
  1. NumPy

NumPy supports your machine learning model with mathematical and scientific representation. You can perform logical tasks on Array. This python library helps in creating arrays, manipulating those arrays, accessing values, and broadcasting. You can form the foundation of your machine learning project with these Python libraries.

Features of NumPy
  • NumPy is a fast performing library of Python
  • This library also includes tools to integrate Fortran, C, and C++ code
  • This type of Python’s library is homogeneous. That is why it is faster is the execution of the tasks
  • NumPy includes various arrays such as statistical,algebraic,and trigonometrical routines that help numerous mathematical operations
  1. SciPy

SciPy helps you with the numerical processing of your model. You can include various mathematical constants in your machine learning project with this Python library. SciPy can provide numerous constants such as the mass of an electron, Newton’s gravitational constant, the speed of light, and pi’s value.

Features of SciPy
  • You can easily access this open-source Python library
  • You can integrate SciPy with other libraries such as NumPy and Pandas
  • SciPy enables you to visualize and manipulate the data with numerous different commands
  • You can solve integrals of the functions with the help of SciPy
  1. PyTorch

PyTorch is another open-source machine learning library that automatically differentiates between training and building neural networks. You can use this framework for various tasks and activities such as natural language processing and computer vision. Many researchers prefer this deep-learning library for efficiently computing and differentiating the graph-based models. Many top companies, such as Facebook, Apple, and NVIDIA, use this library for their products.

Features of PyTorch
  • PyTorch helps in the research process and generating complex and problematic data
  • This library is simple and flexible, and many researchers and academics trust this framework for new machine learning models
  • You can utilize PyTorch to perform the regression, predictive modeling, classification, and predictive of your tasks
  1. TensorFlow

TensorFlow is an open-source Python library that various developers rely on to develop neural networks with multiple layers. TensorFlow enables you to understand, discover, predict, create, and classify the data.

Features of TensorFlow
  • TensorFlow enables you to work on mathematical expressions with multi-dimensional Array
  • You can generate a large number of numerical computations with TensorFlow
  • This is a flexible Python library with multiple versions and models
  • TensorFlow will best work with models that include multiple and complex layers of neural networks


The above list of Python libraries will help you get started with the machine learning project you want to design. These libraries include multiple components that contribute to your project, even if you know little about the coding. Python is the core language for the machine learning project, and these best Python libraries for machine learning are remarkable to ease your project development tasks.