the F circulation is right-slanted dissemination utilized most ordinarily in Examination of Fluctuation. While referencing the F dispersion, the numerator degrees of opportunity are constantly given first, as exchanging the request for degrees of opportunity changes the conveyance (e.g., F(10,12) doesn’t rise to F(12,10) ). For the four F tables underneath, the lines speak to denominator degrees of opportunity and the sections speak to numerator degrees of opportunity. The correct tail region is given for the sake of the table. For instance, to decide the .05 basic incentive for an F dispersion with 10 and 12 degrees of opportunity, look in the 10 segments (numerator) and 12 lines (denominator) of the F Table for alpha=.05. F(.05, 10, 12) = 2.7534. You can utilize the Java Applet or the HTML5/JavaScript Webapp intuitive F-Dispersion adding machines to acquire increasingly precise proportions of likelihood or basic qualities. 

Five diverse F-tables comparing to elective right-tail probabilities (α) are incorporated underneath:

 \ df1=1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120 ∞

df2=1 39.86346 49.50000 53.59324 55.83296 57.24008 58.20442 58.90595 59.43898 59.85759 60.19498 60.70521 61.22034 61.74029 62.00205 62.26497 62.52905 62.79428 63.06064 63.32812

2 8.52632 9.00000 9.16179 9.24342 9.29263 9.32553 9.34908 9.36677 9.38054 9.39157 9.40813 9.42471 9.44131 9.44962 9.45793 9.46624 9.47456 9.48289 9.49122

3 5.53832 5.46238 5.39077 5.34264 5.30916 5.28473 5.26619 5.25167 5.24000 5.23041 5.21562 5.20031 5.18448 5.17636 5.16811 5.15972 5.15119 5.14251 5.13370

4 4.54477 4.32456 4.19086 4.10725 4.05058 4.00975 3.97897 3.95494 3.93567 3.91988 3.89553 3.87036 3.84434 3.83099 3.81742 3.80361 3.78957 3.77527 3.76073

5 4.06042 3.77972 3.61948 3.52020 3.45298 3.40451 3.36790 3.33928 3.31628 3.29740 3.26824 3.23801 3.20665 3.19052 3.17408 3.15732 3.14023 3.12279 3.10500

6 3.77595 3.46330 3.28876 3.18076 3.10751 3.05455 3.01446 2.98304 2.95774 2.93693 2.90472 2.87122 2.83634 2.81834 2.79996 2.78117 2.76195 2.74229 2.72216

7 3.58943 3.25744 3.07407 2.96053 2.88334 2.82739 2.78493 2.75158 2.72468 2.70251 2.66811 2.63223 2.59473 2.57533 2.55546 2.53510 2.51422 2.49279 2.47079

8 3.45792 3.11312 2.92380 2.80643 2.72645 2.66833 2.62413 2.58935 2.56124 2.53804 2.50196 2.46422 2.42464 2.40410 2.38302 2.36136 2.33910 2.31618 2.29257

9 3.36030 3.00645 2.81286 2.69268 2.61061 2.55086 2.50531 2.46941 2.44034 2.41632 2.37888 2.33962 2.29832 2.27683 2.25472 2.23196 2.20849 2.18427 2.15923

10 3.28502 2.92447 2.72767 2.60534 2.52164 2.46058 2.41397 2.37715 2.34731 2.32260 2.28405 2.24351 2.20074 2.17843 2.15543 2.13169 2.10716 2.08176 2.05542

11 3.22520 2.85951 2.66023 2.53619 2.45118 2.38907 2.34157 2.30400 2.27350 2.24823 2.20873 2.16709 2.12305 2.10001 2.07621 2.05161 2.02612 1.99965 1.97211

12 3.17655 2.80680 2.60552 2.48010 2.39402 2.33102 2.28278 2.24457 2.21352 2.18776 2.14744 2.10485 2.05968 2.03599 2.01149 1.98610 1.95973 1.93228 1.90361

13 3.13621 2.76317 2.56027 2.43371 2.34672 2.28298 2.23410 2.19535 2.16382 2.13763 2.09659 2.05316 2.00698 1.98272 1.95757 1.93147 1.90429 1.87591 1.84620

14 3.10221 2.72647 2.52222 2.39469 2.30694 2.24256 2.19313 2.15390 2.12195 2.09540 2.05371 2.00953 1.96245 1.93766 1.91193 1.88516 1.85723 1.82800 1.79728

15 3.07319 2.69517 2.48979 2.36143 2.27302 2.20808 2.15818 2.11853 2.08621 2.05932 2.01707 1.97222 1.92431 1.89904 1.87277 1.84539 1.81676 1.78672 1.75505

16 3.04811 2.66817 2.46181 2.33274 2.24376 2.17833 2.12800 2.08798 2.05533 2.02815 1.98539 1.93992 1.89127 1.86556 1.83879 1.81084 1.78156 1.75075 1.71817

17 3.02623 2.64464 2.43743 2.30775 2.21825 2.15239 2.10169 2.06134 2.02839 2.00094 1.95772 1.91169 1.86236 1.83624 1.80901 1.78053 1.75063 1.71909 1.68564

18 3.00698 2.62395 2.41601 2.28577 2.19583 2.12958 2.07854 2.03789 2.00467 1.97698 1.93334 1.88681 1.83685 1.81035 1.78269 1.75371 1.72322 1.69099 1.65671

19 2.98990 2.60561 2.39702 2.26630 2.17596 2.10936 2.05802 2.01710 1.98364 1.95573 1.91170 1.86471 1.81416 1.78731 1.75924 1.72979 1.69876 1.66587 1.63077

20 2.97465 2.58925 2.38009 2.24893 2.15823 2.09132 2.03970 1.99853 1.96485 1.93674 1.89236 1.84494 1.79384 1.76667 1.73822 1.70833 1.67678 1.64326 1.60738

21 2.96096 2.57457 2.36489 2.23334 2.14231 2.07512 2.02325 1.98186 1.94797 1.91967 1.87497 1.82715 1.77555 1.74807 1.71927 1.68896 1.65691 1.62278 1.58615

22 2.94858 2.56131 2.35117 2.21927 2.12794 2.06050 2.00840 1.96680 1.93273 1.90425 1.85925 1.81106 1.75899 1.73122 1.70208 1.67138 1.63885 1.60415 1.56678

23 2.93736 2.54929 2.33873 2.20651 2.11491 2.04723 1.99492 1.95312 1.91888 1.89025 1.84497 1.79643 1.74392 1.71588 1.68643 1.65535 1.62237 1.58711 1.54903

24 2.92712 2.53833 2.32739 2.19488 2.10303 2.03513 1.98263 1.94066 1.90625 1.87748 1.83194 1.78308 1.73015 1.70185 1.67210 1.64067 1.60726 1.57146 1.53270

25 2.91774 2.52831 2.31702 2.18424 2.09216 2.02406 1.97138 1.92925 1.89469 1.86578 1.82000 1.77083 1.71752 1.68898 1.65895 1.62718 1.59335 1.55703 1.51760

26 2.90913 2.51910 2.30749 2.17447 2.08218 2.01389 1.96104 1.91876 1.88407 1.85503 1.80902 1.75957 1.70589 1.67712 1.64682 1.61472 1.58050 1.54368 1.50360

27 2.90119 2.51061 2.29871 2.16546 2.07298 2.00452 1.95151 1.90909 1.87427 1.84511 1.79889 1.74917 1.69514 1.66616 1.63560 1.60320 1.56859 1.53129 1.49057

28 2.89385 2.50276 2.29060 2.15714 2.06447 1.99585 1.94270 1.90014 1.86520 1.83593 1.78951 1.73954 1.68519 1.65600 1.62519 1.59250 1.55753 1.51976 1.47841

29 2.88703 2.49548 2.28307 2.14941 2.05658 1.98781 1.93452 1.89184 1.85679 1.82741 1.78081 1.73060 1.67593 1.64655 1.61551 1.58253 1.54721 1.50899 1.46704

30 2.88069 2.48872 2.27607 2.14223 2.04925 1.98033 1.92692 1.88412 1.84896 1.81949 1.77270 1.72227 1.66731 1.63774 1.60648 1.57323 1.53757 1.49891 1.45636

40 2.83535 2.44037 2.22609 2.09095 1.99682 1.92688 1.87252 1.82886 1.79290 1.76269 1.71456 1.66241 1.60515 1.57411 1.54108 1.50562 1.46716 1.42476 1.37691

60 2.79107 2.39325 2.17741 2.04099 1.94571 1.87472 1.81939 1.77483 1.73802 1.70701 1.65743 1.60337 1.54349 1.51072 1.47554 1.43734 1.39520 1.34757 1.29146

120 2.74781 2.34734 2.12999 1.99230 1.89587 1.82381 1.76748 1.72196 1.68425 1.65238 1.60120 1.54500 1.48207 1.44723 1.40938 1.36760 1.32034 1.26457 1.19256

∞ 2.70554 2.30259 2.08380 1.94486 1.84727 1.77411 1.71672 1.67020 1.63152 1.59872 1.54578 1.48714 1.42060 1.38318 1.34187 1.29513 1.23995 1.16860 1.00000

F Table for α = 0.05

F_Distribution_Graph

/ df1=1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120 ∞

df2=1 161.4476 199.5000 215.7073 224.5832 230.1619 233.9860 236.7684 238.8827 240.5433 241.8817 243.9060 245.9499 248.0131 249.0518 250.0951 251.1432 252.1957 253.2529 254.3144

2 18.5128 19.0000 19.1643 19.2468 19.2964 19.3295 19.3532 19.3710 19.3848 19.3959 19.4125 19.4291 19.4458 19.4541 19.4624 19.4707 19.4791 19.4874 19.4957

3 10.1280 9.5521 9.2766 9.1172 9.0135 8.9406 8.8867 8.8452 8.8123 8.7855 8.7446 8.7029 8.6602 8.6385 8.6166 8.5944 8.5720 8.5494 8.5264

4 7.7086 6.9443 6.5914 6.3882 6.2561 6.1631 6.0942 6.0410 5.9988 5.9644 5.9117 5.8578 5.8025 5.7744 5.7459 5.7170 5.6877 5.6581 5.6281

5 6.6079 5.7861 5.4095 5.1922 5.0503 4.9503 4.8759 4.8183 4.7725 4.7351 4.6777 4.6188 4.5581 4.5272 4.4957 4.4638 4.4314 4.3985 4.3650

6 5.9874 5.1433 4.7571 4.5337 4.3874 4.2839 4.2067 4.1468 4.0990 4.0600 3.9999 3.9381 3.8742 3.8415 3.8082 3.7743 3.7398 3.7047 3.6689

7 5.5914 4.7374 4.3468 4.1203 3.9715 3.8660 3.7870 3.7257 3.6767 3.6365 3.5747 3.5107 3.4445 3.4105 3.3758 3.3404 3.3043 3.2674 3.2298

8 5.3177 4.4590 4.0662 3.8379 3.6875 3.5806 3.5005 3.4381 3.3881 3.3472 3.2839 3.2184 3.1503 3.1152 3.0794 3.0428 3.0053 2.9669 2.9276

9 5.1174 4.2565 3.8625 3.6331 3.4817 3.3738 3.2927 3.2296 3.1789 3.1373 3.0729 3.0061 2.9365 2.9005 2.8637 2.8259 2.7872 2.7475 2.7067

10 4.9646 4.1028 3.7083 3.4780 3.3258 3.2172 3.1355 3.0717 3.0204 2.9782 2.9130 2.8450 2.7740 2.7372 2.6996 2.6609 2.6211 2.5801 2.5379

11 4.8443 3.9823 3.5874 3.3567 3.2039 3.0946 3.0123 2.9480 2.8962 2.8536 2.7876 2.7186 2.6464 2.6090 2.5705 2.5309 2.4901 2.4480 2.4045

12 4.7472 3.8853 3.4903 3.2592 3.1059 2.9961 2.9134 2.8486 2.7964 2.7534 2.6866 2.6169 2.5436 2.5055 2.4663 2.4259 2.3842 2.3410 2.2962

13 4.6672 3.8056 3.4105 3.1791 3.0254 2.9153 2.8321 2.7669 2.7144 2.6710 2.6037 2.5331 2.4589 2.4202 2.3803 2.3392 2.2966 2.2524 2.2064

14 4.6001 3.7389 3.3439 3.1122 2.9582 2.8477 2.7642 2.6987 2.6458 2.6022 2.5342 2.4630 2.3879 2.3487 2.3082 2.2664 2.2229 2.1778 2.1307

15 4.5431 3.6823 3.2874 3.0556 2.9013 2.7905 2.7066 2.6408 2.5876 2.5437 2.4753 2.4034 2.3275 2.2878 2.2468 2.2043 2.1601 2.1141 2.0658

16 4.4940 3.6337 3.2389 3.0069 2.8524 2.7413 2.6572 2.5911 2.5377 2.4935 2.4247 2.3522 2.2756 2.2354 2.1938 2.1507 2.1058 2.0589 2.0096

17 4.4513 3.5915 3.1968 2.9647 2.8100 2.6987 2.6143 2.5480 2.4943 2.4499 2.3807 2.3077 2.2304 2.1898 2.1477 2.1040 2.0584 2.0107 1.9604

18 4.4139 3.5546 3.1599 2.9277 2.7729 2.6613 2.5767 2.5102 2.4563 2.4117 2.3421 2.2686 2.1906 2.1497 2.1071 2.0629 2.0166 1.9681 1.9168

19 4.3807 3.5219 3.1274 2.8951 2.7401 2.6283 2.5435 2.4768 2.4227 2.3779 2.3080 2.2341 2.1555 2.1141 2.0712 2.0264 1.9795 1.9302 1.8780

20 4.3512 3.4928 3.0984 2.8661 2.7109 2.5990 2.5140 2.4471 2.3928 2.3479 2.2776 2.2033 2.1242 2.0825 2.0391 1.9938 1.9464 1.8963 1.8432

21 4.3248 3.4668 3.0725 2.8401 2.6848 2.5727 2.4876 2.4205 2.3660 2.3210 2.2504 2.1757 2.0960 2.0540 2.0102 1.9645 1.9165 1.8657 1.8117

22 4.3009 3.4434 3.0491 2.8167 2.6613 2.5491 2.4638 2.3965 2.3419 2.2967 2.2258 2.1508 2.0707 2.0283 1.9842 1.9380 1.8894 1.8380 1.7831

23 4.2793 3.4221 3.0280 2.7955 2.6400 2.5277 2.4422 2.3748 2.3201 2.2747 2.2036 2.1282 2.0476 2.0050 1.9605 1.9139 1.8648 1.8128 1.7570

24 4.2597 3.4028 3.0088 2.7763 2.6207 2.5082 2.4226 2.3551 2.3002 2.2547 2.1834 2.1077 2.0267 1.9838 1.9390 1.8920 1.8424 1.7896 1.7330

25 4.2417 3.3852 2.9912 2.7587 2.6030 2.4904 2.4047 2.3371 2.2821 2.2365 2.1649 2.0889 2.0075 1.9643 1.9192 1.8718 1.8217 1.7684 1.7110

26 4.2252 3.3690 2.9752 2.7426 2.5868 2.4741 2.3883 2.3205 2.2655 2.2197 2.1479 2.0716 1.9898 1.9464 1.9010 1.8533 1.8027 1.7488 1.6906

27 4.2100 3.3541 2.9604 2.7278 2.5719 2.4591 2.3732 2.3053 2.2501 2.2043 2.1323 2.0558 1.9736 1.9299 1.8842 1.8361 1.7851 1.7306 1.6717

28 4.1960 3.3404 2.9467 2.7141 2.5581 2.4453 2.3593 2.2913 2.2360 2.1900 2.1179 2.0411 1.9586 1.9147 1.8687 1.8203 1.7689 1.7138 1.6541

29 4.1830 3.3277 2.9340 2.7014 2.5454 2.4324 2.3463 2.2783 2.2229 2.1768 2.1045 2.0275 1.9446 1.9005 1.8543 1.8055 1.7537 1.6981 1.6376

30 4.1709 3.3158 2.9223 2.6896 2.5336 2.4205 2.3343 2.2662 2.2107 2.1646 2.0921 2.0148 1.9317 1.8874 1.8409 1.7918 1.7396 1.6835 1.6223

40 4.0847 3.2317 2.8387 2.6060 2.4495 2.3359 2.2490 2.1802 2.1240 2.0772 2.0035 1.9245 1.8389 1.7929 1.7444 1.6928 1.6373 1.5766 1.5089

60 4.0012 3.1504 2.7581 2.5252 2.3683 2.2541 2.1665 2.0970 2.0401 1.9926 1.9174 1.8364 1.7480 1.7001 1.6491 1.5943 1.5343 1.4673 1.3893

120 3.9201 3.0718 2.6802 2.4472 2.2899 2.1750 2.0868 2.0164 1.9588 1.9105 1.8337 1.7505 1.6587 1.6084 1.5543 1.4952 1.4290 1.3519 1.2539

∞ 3.8415 2.9957 2.6049 2.3719 2.2141 2.0986 2.0096 1.9384 1.8799 1.8307 1.7522 1.6664 1.5705 1.5173 1.4591 1.3940 1.3180 1.2214 1.0000

F Table for α = 0.025

F_Distribution_Graph

/ df1=1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120 ∞

df2=1 647.7890 799.5000 864.1630 899.5833 921.8479 937.1111 948.2169 956.6562 963.2846 968.6274 976.7079 984.8668 993.1028 997.2492 1001.414 1005.598 1009.800 1014.020 1018.258

2 38.5063 39.0000 39.1655 39.2484 39.2982 39.3315 39.3552 39.3730 39.3869 39.3980 39.4146 39.4313 39.4479 39.4562 39.465 39.473 39.481 39.490 39.498

3 17.4434 16.0441 15.4392 15.1010 14.8848 14.7347 14.6244 14.5399 14.4731 14.4189 14.3366 14.2527 14.1674 14.1241 14.081 14.037 13.992 13.947 13.902

4 12.2179 10.6491 9.9792 9.6045 9.3645 9.1973 9.0741 8.9796 8.9047 8.8439 8.7512 8.6565 8.5599 8.5109 8.461 8.411 8.360 8.309 8.257

5 10.0070 8.4336 7.7636 7.3879 7.1464 6.9777 6.8531 6.7572 6.6811 6.6192 6.5245 6.4277 6.3286 6.2780 6.227 6.175 6.123 6.069 6.015

6 8.8131 7.2599 6.5988 6.2272 5.9876 5.8198 5.6955 5.5996 5.5234 5.4613 5.3662 5.2687 5.1684 5.1172 5.065 5.012 4.959 4.904 4.849

7 8.0727 6.5415 5.8898 5.5226 5.2852 5.1186 4.9949 4.8993 4.8232 4.7611 4.6658 4.5678 4.4667 4.4150 4.362 4.309 4.254 4.199 4.142

8 7.5709 6.0595 5.4160 5.0526 4.8173 4.6517 4.5286 4.4333 4.3572 4.2951 4.1997 4.1012 3.9995 3.9472 3.894 3.840 3.784 3.728 3.670

9 7.2093 5.7147 5.0781 4.7181 4.4844 4.3197 4.1970 4.1020 4.0260 3.9639 3.8682 3.7694 3.6669 3.6142 3.560 3.505 3.449 3.392 3.333

10 6.9367 5.4564 4.8256 4.4683 4.2361 4.0721 3.9498 3.8549 3.7790 3.7168 3.6209 3.5217 3.4185 3.3654 3.311 3.255 3.198 3.140 3.080

11 6.7241 5.2559 4.6300 4.2751 4.0440 3.8807 3.7586 3.6638 3.5879 3.5257 3.4296 3.3299 3.2261 3.1725 3.118 3.061 3.004 2.944 2.883

12 6.5538 5.0959 4.4742 4.1212 3.8911 3.7283 3.6065 3.5118 3.4358 3.3736 3.2773 3.1772 3.0728 3.0187 2.963 2.906 2.848 2.787 2.725

13 6.4143 4.9653 4.3472 3.9959 3.7667 3.6043 3.4827 3.3880 3.3120 3.2497 3.1532 3.0527 2.9477 2.8932 2.837 2.780 2.720 2.659 2.595

14 6.2979 4.8567 4.2417 3.8919 3.6634 3.5014 3.3799 3.2853 3.2093 3.1469 3.0502 2.9493 2.8437 2.7888 2.732 2.674 2.614 2.552 2.487

15 6.1995 4.7650 4.1528 3.8043 3.5764 3.4147 3.2934 3.1987 3.1227 3.0602 2.9633 2.8621 2.7559 2.7006 2.644 2.585 2.524 2.461 2.395

16 6.1151 4.6867 4.0768 3.7294 3.5021 3.3406 3.2194 3.1248 3.0488 2.9862 2.8890 2.7875 2.6808 2.6252 2.568 2.509 2.447 2.383 2.316

17 6.0420 4.6189 4.0112 3.6648 3.4379 3.2767 3.1556 3.0610 2.9849 2.9222 2.8249 2.7230 2.6158 2.5598 2.502 2.442 2.380 2.315 2.247

18 5.9781 4.5597 3.9539 3.6083 3.3820 3.2209 3.0999 3.0053 2.9291 2.8664 2.7689 2.6667 2.5590 2.5027 2.445 2.384 2.321 2.256 2.187

19 5.9216 4.5075 3.9034 3.5587 3.3327 3.1718 3.0509 2.9563 2.8801 2.8172 2.7196 2.6171 2.5089 2.4523 2.394 2.333 2.270 2.203 2.133

20 5.8715 4.4613 3.8587 3.5147 3.2891 3.1283 3.0074 2.9128 2.8365 2.7737 2.6758 2.5731 2.4645 2.4076 2.349 2.287 2.223 2.156 2.085

21 5.8266 4.4199 3.8188 3.4754 3.2501 3.0895 2.9686 2.8740 2.7977 2.7348 2.6368 2.5338 2.4247 2.3675 2.308 2.246 2.182 2.114 2.042

22 5.7863 4.3828 3.7829 3.4401 3.2151 3.0546 2.9338 2.8392 2.7628 2.6998 2.6017 2.4984 2.3890 2.3315 2.272 2.210 2.145 2.076 2.003

23 5.7498 4.3492 3.7505 3.4083 3.1835 3.0232 2.9023 2.8077 2.7313 2.6682 2.5699 2.4665 2.3567 2.2989 2.239 2.176 2.111 2.041 1.968

24 5.7166 4.3187 3.7211 3.3794 3.1548 2.9946 2.8738 2.7791 2.7027 2.6396 2.5411 2.4374 2.3273 2.2693 2.209 2.146 2.080 2.010 1.935

25 5.6864 4.2909 3.6943 3.3530 3.1287 2.9685 2.8478 2.7531 2.6766 2.6135 2.5149 2.4110 2.3005 2.2422 2.182 2.118 2.052 1.981 1.906

26 5.6586 4.2655 3.6697 3.3289 3.1048 2.9447 2.8240 2.7293 2.6528 2.5896 2.4908 2.3867 2.2759 2.2174 2.157 2.093 2.026 1.954 1.878

27 5.6331 4.2421 3.6472 3.3067 3.0828 2.9228 2.8021 2.7074 2.6309 2.5676 2.4688 2.3644 2.2533 2.1946 2.133 2.069 2.002 1.930 1.853

28 5.6096 4.2205 3.6264 3.2863 3.0626 2.9027 2.7820 2.6872 2.6106 2.5473 2.4484 2.3438 2.2324 2.1735 2.112 2.048 1.980 1.907 1.829

29 5.5878 4.2006 3.6072 3.2674 3.0438 2.8840 2.7633 2.6686 2.5919 2.5286 2.4295 2.3248 2.2131 2.1540 2.092 2.028 1.959 1.886 1.807

30 5.5675 4.1821 3.5894 3.2499 3.0265 2.8667 2.7460 2.6513 2.5746 2.5112 2.4120 2.3072 2.1952 2.1359 2.074 2.009 1.940 1.866 1.787

40 5.4239 4.0510 3.4633 3.1261 2.9037 2.7444 2.6238 2.5289 2.4519 2.3882 2.2882 2.1819 2.0677 2.0069 1.943 1.875 1.803 1.724 1.637

60 5.2856 3.9253 3.3425 3.0077 2.7863 2.6274 2.5068 2.4117 2.3344 2.2702 2.1692 2.0613 1.9445 1.8817 1.815 1.744 1.667 1.581 1.482

120 5.1523 3.8046 3.2269 2.8943 2.6740 2.5154 2.3948 2.2994 2.2217 2.1570 2.0548 1.9450 1.8249 1.7597 1.690 1.614 1.530 1.433 1.310

∞ 5.0239 3.6889 3.1161 2.7858 2.5665 2.4082 2.2875 2.1918 2.1136 2.0483 1.9447 1.8326 1.7085 1.6402 1.566 1.484 1.388 1.268 1.000

F Table for α = 0.01

F_Distribution_Graph

/ df1=1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120 ∞

df2=1 4052.181 4999.500 5403.352 5624.583 5763.650 5858.986 5928.356 5981.070 6022.473 6055.847 6106.321 6157.285 6208.730 6234.631 6260.649 6286.782 6313.030 6339.391 6365.864

2 98.503 99.000 99.166 99.249 99.299 99.333 99.356 99.374 99.388 99.399 99.416 99.433 99.449 99.458 99.466 99.474 99.482 99.491 99.499

3 34.116 30.817 29.457 28.710 28.237 27.911 27.672 27.489 27.345 27.229 27.052 26.872 26.690 26.598 26.505 26.411 26.316 26.221 26.125

4 21.198 18.000 16.694 15.977 15.522 15.207 14.976 14.799 14.659 14.546 14.374 14.198 14.020 13.929 13.838 13.745 13.652 13.558 13.463

5 16.258 13.274 12.060 11.392 10.967 10.672 10.456 10.289 10.158 10.051 9.888 9.722 9.553 9.466 9.379 9.291 9.202 9.112 9.020

6 13.745 10.925 9.780 9.148 8.746 8.466 8.260 8.102 7.976 7.874 7.718 7.559 7.396 7.313 7.229 7.143 7.057 6.969 6.880

7 12.246 9.547 8.451 7.847 7.460 7.191 6.993 6.840 6.719 6.620 6.469 6.314 6.155 6.074 5.992 5.908 5.824 5.737 5.650

8 11.259 8.649 7.591 7.006 6.632 6.371 6.178 6.029 5.911 5.814 5.667 5.515 5.359 5.279 5.198 5.116 5.032 4.946 4.859

9 10.561 8.022 6.992 6.422 6.057 5.802 5.613 5.467 5.351 5.257 5.111 4.962 4.808 4.729 4.649 4.567 4.483 4.398 4.311

10 10.044 7.559 6.552 5.994 5.636 5.386 5.200 5.057 4.942 4.849 4.706 4.558 4.405 4.327 4.247 4.165 4.082 3.996 3.909

11 9.646 7.206 6.217 5.668 5.316 5.069 4.886 4.744 4.632 4.539 4.397 4.251 4.099 4.021 3.941 3.860 3.776 3.690 3.602

12 9.330 6.927 5.953 5.412 5.064 4.821 4.640 4.499 4.388 4.296 4.155 4.010 3.858 3.780 3.701 3.619 3.535 3.449 3.361

13 9.074 6.701 5.739 5.205 4.862 4.620 4.441 4.302 4.191 4.100 3.960 3.815 3.665 3.587 3.507 3.425 3.341 3.255 3.165

14 8.862 6.515 5.564 5.035 4.695 4.456 4.278 4.140 4.030 3.939 3.800 3.656 3.505 3.427 3.348 3.266 3.181 3.094 3.004

15 8.683 6.359 5.417 4.893 4.556 4.318 4.142 4.004 3.895 3.805 3.666 3.522 3.372 3.294 3.214 3.132 3.047 2.959 2.868

16 8.531 6.226 5.292 4.773 4.437 4.202 4.026 3.890 3.780 3.691 3.553 3.409 3.259 3.181 3.101 3.018 2.933 2.845 2.753

17 8.400 6.112 5.185 4.669 4.336 4.102 3.927 3.791 3.682 3.593 3.455 3.312 3.162 3.084 3.003 2.920 2.835 2.746 2.653

18 8.285 6.013 5.092 4.579 4.248 4.015 3.841 3.705 3.597 3.508 3.371 3.227 3.077 2.999 2.919 2.835 2.749 2.660 2.566

19 8.185 5.926 5.010 4.500 4.171 3.939 3.765 3.631 3.523 3.434 3.297 3.153 3.003 2.925 2.844 2.761 2.674 2.584 2.489

20 8.096 5.849 4.938 4.431 4.103 3.871 3.699 3.564 3.457 3.368 3.231 3.088 2.938 2.859 2.778 2.695 2.608 2.517 2.421

21 8.017 5.780 4.874 4.369 4.042 3.812 3.640 3.506 3.398 3.310 3.173 3.030 2.880 2.801 2.720 2.636 2.548 2.457 2.360

22 7.945 5.719 4.817 4.313 3.988 3.758 3.587 3.453 3.346 3.258 3.121 2.978 2.827 2.749 2.667 2.583 2.495 2.403 2.305

23 7.881 5.664 4.765 4.264 3.939 3.710 3.539 3.406 3.299 3.211 3.074 2.931 2.781 2.702 2.620 2.535 2.447 2.354 2.256

24 7.823 5.614 4.718 4.218 3.895 3.667 3.496 3.363 3.256 3.168 3.032 2.889 2.738 2.659 2.577 2.492 2.403 2.310 2.211

25 7.770 5.568 4.675 4.177 3.855 3.627 3.457 3.324 3.217 3.129 2.993 2.850 2.699 2.620 2.538 2.453 2.364 2.270 2.169

26 7.721 5.526 4.637 4.140 3.818 3.591 3.421 3.288 3.182 3.094 2.958 2.815 2.664 2.585 2.503 2.417 2.327 2.233 2.131

27 7.677 5.488 4.601 4.106 3.785 3.558 3.388 3.256 3.149 3.062 2.926 2.783 2.632 2.552 2.470 2.384 2.294 2.198 2.097

28 7.636 5.453 4.568 4.074 3.754 3.528 3.358 3.226 3.120 3.032 2.896 2.753 2.602 2.522 2.440 2.354 2.263 2.167 2.064

29 7.598 5.420 4.538 4.045 3.725 3.499 3.330 3.198 3.092 3.005 2.868 2.726 2.574 2.495 2.412 2.325 2.234 2.138 2.034

30 7.562 5.390 4.510 4.018 3.699 3.473 3.304 3.173 3.067 2.979 2.843 2.700 2.549 2.469 2.386 2.299 2.208 2.111 2.006

40 7.314 5.179 4.313 3.828 3.514 3.291 3.124 2.993 2.888 2.801 2.665 2.522 2.369 2.288 2.203 2.114 2.019 1.917 1.805

60 7.077 4.977 4.126 3.649 3.339 3.119 2.953 2.823 2.718 2.632 2.496 2.352 2.198 2.115 2.028 1.936 1.836 1.726 1.601

120 6.851 4.787 3.949 3.480 3.174 2.956 2.792 2.663 2.559 2.472 2.336 2.192 2.035 1.950 1.860 1.763 1.656 1.533 1.381

∞ 6.635 4.605 3.782 3.319 3.017 2.802 2.639 2.511 2.407 2.321 2.185 2.039 1.878 1.791 1.696 1.592 1.473 1.325 1.000

F Table for α = 0.001

F_Distribution_Graph

DFs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120 ∞

1 405284.0679 499999.5 540379.2016 562499.5833 576404.5558 585937.1111 592873.2879 598144.1562 602283.9916 605620.9712 610667.8213 615763.662 620907.6727 623497.4649 626098.9585 628712.0309 631336.5558 633972.403 636619.439

2 998.5002501 999 999.1666203 999.2499375 999.29993 999.3332592 999.3570663 999.3749218 999.3888096 999.39992 999.4165856 999.4332514 999.4499175 999.4582505 999.4665837 999.4749168 999.4832501 999.4915833 999.4999166

3 167.0292238 148.5 141.1084612 137.1003627 134.580022 132.8474689 131.5828572 130.6190088 129.8599633 129.2466816 128.3164636 127.3736043 126.417774 125.9348897 125.448636 124.9589695 124.4658468 123.969224 123.4690567

4 74.13729332 61.2455532 56.17718849 53.43582912 51.71156856 50.52502195 49.65788673 48.99618877 48.47451135 48.05258912 47.41180417 46.76117294 46.10025764 45.76579762 45.42858708 45.08856129 44.74565296 44.39979204 44.05090563

5 47.18077922 37.12232981 33.20246318 31.08500557 29.75239858 28.83436098 28.16264702 27.64947537 27.24445858 26.91656759 26.41796644 25.91082551 25.39462209 25.13294244 24.86877338 24.60203096 24.33262606 24.06046391 23.78544358

6 35.50749025 27 23.70330865 21.92354136 20.80266396 20.02965472 19.46340804 19.03033312 18.68818157 18.4109248 17.98881077 17.55874216 17.1201102 16.89736868 16.67221633 16.4445485 16.21425209 15.98120455 15.74527276

7 29.24519336 21.68899856 18.77226982 17.19799378 16.20580032 15.52084044 15.01855675 14.63400663 14.32990047 14.08325538 13.70731634 13.32367245 12.93162574 12.73220036 12.53035505 12.32596245 12.1188827 11.90896161 11.69602853

8 25.41476047 18.49365301 15.82948958 14.39158451 13.48468945 12.85802614 12.39804123 12.04554124 11.76653249 11.54005611 11.19448648 10.84129187 10.47968282 10.29543363 10.10870971 9.919359091 9.727212381 9.532079783 9.333747455

9 22.85712515 16.38714975 13.90180319 12.56031874 11.71366731 11.12812978 10.69794791 10.36800037 10.10662788 9.894304921 9.570005093 9.238068345 8.897612713 8.723861632 8.54755577 8.368516861 8.186543392 8.001406084 7.812842177

10 21.03959527 14.90535853 12.55274539 11.28275151 10.48072247 9.925612909 9.517454314 9.204149865 8.955774135 8.753866275 8.445185057 8.128803474 7.803747053 7.637596969 7.468797707 7.297143257 7.122397652 6.944288438 6.762498192

11 19.68678565 13.81155454 11.56112585 10.34611597 9.578375041 9.046621909 8.655347931 8.354786262 8.116347343 7.922390621 7.625606577 7.321029492 7.007593181 6.847143547 6.683942269 6.517754381 6.348307367 6.175282114 5.998300852

12 18.64332157 12.97366596 10.80420438 9.632726103 8.892109207 8.378814227 8.000868384 7.710352309 7.479735839 7.29202903 7.004575369 6.70921972 6.404805566 6.248751788 6.089839637 5.927804202 5.762334558 5.593061667 5.419541815

13 17.81542047 12.31272981 10.20893559 9.072738309 8.354088263 7.855728193 7.488554553 7.206147377 6.981836475 6.799160117 6.519199067 6.231218628 5.933973756 5.781387101 5.625833497 5.467017281 5.304587492 5.138122114 4.967106015

14 17.14336026 11.77887057 9.729366315 8.622319637 7.921807358 7.435768361 7.077472347 6.801739796 6.582612114 6.404064741 6.130239469 5.848273793 5.55683624 5.407035541 5.254159034 5.097879676 4.937805044 4.773457316 4.604244589

15 16.58741634 11.33914824 9.335253585 8.252683745 7.567391978 7.09168419 6.740824738 6.470676858 6.255880292 6.080778142 5.812060876 5.535081616 5.248424748 5.100897858 4.950187054 4.795933437 4.637701895 4.474956179 4.307022398

16 16.12019551 10.97098965 9.005936856 7.944202271 7.271859486 6.804934648 6.460391446 6.194981663 5.983855012 5.811668029 5.547263154 5.27447604 4.991809334 4.846163031 4.697226156 4.544607612 4.38782854 4.226291849 4.059236599

17 15.72222635 10.65843819 8.726852036 7.683062089 7.021866266 6.562497005 6.223382666 5.962041028 5.754061542 5.584371076 5.323651117 5.054431213 4.775134745 4.631061662 4.483593258 4.332306009 4.176676419 4.016044337 3.84955685

18 15.37930598 10.38991221 8.487454528 7.459277515 6.807775867 6.354973351 6.020573523 5.762761197 5.557508841 5.389978842 5.132440874 4.866288528 4.589868413 4.447124541 4.300882812 4.150687147 3.99596867 3.836002131 3.669837889

19 15.08084102 10.15681177 8.279932106 7.2654606 6.622465306 6.175421571 5.845153016 5.590430454 5.387562915 5.221919789 4.967154982 4.703665062 4.429722348 4.288111342 4.142902349 3.993606693 3.839609509 3.680118587 3.514082953

20 14.81877555 9.95262315 8.098379787 7.096034067 6.46056185 6.018608472 5.691989043 5.439993193 5.239228 5.075246211 4.822918059 4.561757977 4.289966445 4.149328424 4.004994803 3.856444349 3.703015714 3.543848036 3.377784558

21 14.58687806 9.772326153 7.938255045 6.946712411 6.317940339 5.880518225 5.557144922 5.307572584 5.108674052 4.946165606 4.695994051 4.436887752 4.166977747 4.02718114 3.883593898 3.73566233 3.582678223 3.423710529 3.257492414

22 14.38025503 9.611991651 7.796008703 6.814150802 6.19138337 5.758020256 5.437552906 5.190148353 4.992917879 4.83172452 4.583474166 4.326190245 4.057936699 3.918872208 3.775924641 3.628508008 3.475866948 3.316998834 3.150522616

23 14.19501174 9.46850201 7.66882905 6.695701994 6.078346209 5.648639651 5.330788559 5.085334185 4.889602925 4.729590237 4.483061456 4.227404214 3.960617622 3.82219368 3.679796805 3.532808912 3.380427298 3.221576506 3.054757282

24 14.02801082 9.33935292 7.55446081 6.589244543 5.976790793 5.550395104 5.234911592 4.991220743 4.79684399 4.637896886 4.392919019 4.138721614 3.873241153 3.735380458 3.593459526 3.446828424 3.294636987 3.135735808 2.96850359

25 13.87669745 9.222510359 7.451074703 6.493059157 5.88506633 5.46168243 5.148351478 4.906262879 4.713115713 4.555134934 4.311561014 4.058680167 3.794368366 3.657005207 3.515497011 3.369162279 3.217103341 3.058095838 2.890392737

26 13.73897062 9.116305638 7.357171892 6.405738218 5.801821989 5.381189419 5.06982388 4.829197263 4.637171121 4.480070488 4.237773105 3.986084947 3.722823526 3.585901686 3.44475246 3.298663092 3.146688422 2.987528256 2.819306272

27 13.61308701 9.019357252 7.271512947 6.326118571 5.725942086 5.307832651 4.998268652 4.758981281 4.567981245 4.411685477 4.170553495 3.919950284 3.657636856 3.521107965 3.380271724 3.234384455 3.082453583 2.923102298 2.754321579

28 13.49758824 8.930511897 7.193064301 6.253230915 5.656497301 5.240709971 4.932803227 4.694747102 4.504689719 4.349132686 4.109068624 3.859456114 3.598001557 3.461823773 3.321260991 3.175538967 3.023617839 2.864043494 2.694670941

29 13.3912451 8.8487994 7.120957395 6.186261216 5.59270751 5.179064288 4.872687108 4.635766714 4.446578231 4.29170154 4.052619446 3.803914768 3.54324111 3.407378057 3.267054608 3.121466319 2.969526213 2.809702286 2.639710432

30 13.29301437 8.773397887 7.054457147 6.12452095 5.533913138 5.122255677 4.817294523 4.581424983 4.393039913 4.238791759 4.000615482 3.752745419 3.492784114 3.357204029 3.217090322 3.071608738 2.919625393 2.759529889 2.58889599

40 12.60935783 8.250750892 6.594539978 5.698134144 5.128263425 4.730568331 4.435546744 4.207036577 4.0242614 3.874386084 3.642469598 3.400279728 3.14498953 3.011129917 2.872108683 2.726815931 2.57366634 2.410252969 2.232588062

60 11.97298729 7.767762354 6.171230784 5.306701558 4.75652075 4.372054609 4.086419814 3.86482817 3.68729528 3.541475241 3.315280231 3.078102385 2.826551834 2.693757434 2.554944301 2.408567094 2.252265546 2.08209516 1.890457944

120 11.38019033 7.321107258 5.781368317 4.947154185 4.415675807 4.043746615 3.766975258 3.551881884 3.379237205 3.237162411 3.016150258 2.783283528 2.534418319 2.401888427 2.262125234 2.112844201 1.950205478 1.766742837 1.543306325

∞ 10.82756617 6.907755279 5.422078732 4.616706738 4.10300113 3.742957414 3.474555193 3.265560195 3.097462763 2.958829845 2.742457534 2.513153215 2.265737331 2.132441574 1.990102143 1.835048938 1.660120551 1.44681197 1